The correct term for bamboo fabric is bamboo rayon. This fabric has been around since the 1980’s and is now more popular due to the claims that it is an eco fiber. This cellulose regenerated fiber has the feel of other cellulose regenerated fibers such as Tencel but bamboo rayon has the additional advantage of the bamboo plants rapid growth and endless growing season.
Claims that bamboo rayon has microbial properties are exaggerated. In manufacturing this fabric, the bamboo pulp is dissolved and converted to a liquid compound then back to a fiber by extrusion through a spinneret. After spinning into yarn and weaving into a fabric, this fabric is biodegradable after an extended period of time. Each consumer should be aware of the type of process used to produce this type of rayon.
The USA Federal Trade Commission has issued a warning to consumers regarding bamboo Fabric.
Bamboo-based Textiles, Actually Made of Rayon, Are Not Antimicrobial, Made in an Environmentally Friendly Manner, or Biodegradable