Basics of a sewing machine
If you are planning to purchase a sewing machine, or if it is your first time to own one, it is necessary that you familiarize yourself with sewing machine basics. Here are the things that you should know to handle your machine properly.
The Switch. Most sewing machines come with a power switch. This allows you to turn your machine on and off easily. If the one you have doesn’t have a power switch, it would be safer to consider using a safety strip with a master switch.
Tension Adjustment. Most problems with a sewing machine can be fixed easily with tension adjustment. There are two tensions on a sewing machine – the upper and the lower thread tensions. These two need to be balanced to make a good stitch. Some machines have numbered external dials for adjusting upper tension while others are computerized. For the bobbin thread tension, it is adjustable with a screw and a bobbin casing.
Presser feet. Make sure that you check how many presser feet your machine comes with. There are those that have a multipurpose foot that allows you to stitch straight and zigzag stitches for basic sewing. However you may also need a buttonhole foot, zipper foot and a blindhem foot if the machine has a hemming stitch. Many machines allow you to adjust the pressure on the presser foot to accommodate thick or thin fabrics. Some also allow extra lifting space to insert thick fabrics or position a free-motion.