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Posts Tagged ‘plastic’

Airtight and Waterproof Materials

Hi, I am making a hovercraft for my school project and I have been trying to find the correct material to build its skirt. I will need an airtight and waterproof material which will be light while being strong and durable. It will be helpful if it is a little bit flexible and if its black. It must not deform when it is going quickly like the plastic bags. It must also be easy to glue on. All help will be appreciated and I hope I will find the right material. Thanks, Aaron. By: Aaron Fang

Thread Spool Sizes and Shapes

Vintage Thread Chart & Photo Gallery Spool Sizes & Shapes Large bow ties — American Thread’s Twist DeLuxe 1930s, American Thread’s Star DeLuxe 1930s, Coats 1950s-60s, unknown. Assorted bow ties medium — Belding Corticelli 1950s-60s, Max Pollack’s Knight Brand 1940s, Belding Corticeli 1950s-60s, Coats 1930s, unknown. Assorted bow ties small with 1 large guest: Cortecelli 1950s,  John Clark’s Mile End, 1940s, unknown, Clarks ONT marking cotton 1940s. Assorted bow ties smallest — Clarks ONT 1930s, Clarks ONT early 1900s, John Clark’s Mile End, notice hard rock maple. Standard size spools, larger size Standard type spools smaller sizes. While standard spools may look to be same size and style, there are slight variations by manufacturers. This is most noticeable in rim shape and thickness. Sometimes bobbins are overlooked as spools. Here is an assortment of sizes and substances ranging from wood to plastic to foam to waxed cardboard. Side view shows difference in bobbin thickness. By early 1970s other substances began to replace wood  for spools — Talon American‘s black plastic that defies black-painted wood,  Max Pollack‘s cardboard cylinder, Belding Lily’s foam and Clark’s ONT early plastic. All spools date late 1960s-early 1970s. Colored spools played an important part for recognizing thread categories other than dressmaking. Most companies dyed their spools brilliant colors to denote heavier and stronger threads such as carpet and heavy duty. Shown here are Erin’s Pride [linen] orange, Aunt Lydia’s red, Clark’s ONT green, Clark’s ONT navy and an unknown black which appears to be from a sewing kit. Many thread companies took pride in the appearance of their spools. They were and are valued as much as the thread wound on them — Belding Corticelli’s stained and waxed maple, Fleischer’s High Test maple, Belding’s waxed maple, an unknown British brand with milled and beveled rims, J & P Coats hard rock maple with scrollwork at both ends, and John Clark’s Mile End beautiful hard rock maple with scrollwork at one end as shown in inset.

Thread Labels Page 3

Vintage Thread Chart & Photo Gallery Thread Labels – American Thread Co., Globe Silkworks, Gudenbrod Bros., Paragon Thread Co., Sears, Talons, Cutter Silk Mfg. Co. Globe Silkworks — large-size top label; est. 1940s-50s. Paragon name solo, top and bottom. Est. 1950s-60s. – Courtesy Sharon Stark   Paragon Thread Co. —  top and bottom. Est. 1950s-60s. Paragon with the Heminway Bartlett label, top and bottom. Est. 1950s-60s. – Courtesy Sharon Stark Small-size Talons — left side: Talon with partial pink label top and bottom wood;  right side: Talon with full pink label with packaging information top foam; Talon with full pink label top and bottom foam; and Talon with partial pink label top and bottom foam. Est. 1960s-early 70s. Large size Talons — Talon top and bottom foam; Talon top and bottom plastic and Talon American black plastic, ets. 1960s-early 70s. American Thread Co. — Star Twist top using three different bottoms; large-size Star Twist Deluxe top. Est. 1940s-early 60s. American Thread Co. — Star Deluxe Mercerized gold star top and bottom; Star Mercerized gold star top, red star bottom; Star Mercerized red star top and bottom. Est. 1950s-60s. Two American Thread Co. tops, est. late 1940s-50s. American Thread Co. — Two top sizes of Star Six Cord; two other brands — tops of Hercules Special Service and Hercules Mercerized and Aunt Lydia top and bottom. Est. 1950s. American Thread Co.’s Intrinsic brand, top and bottom with the familiar white star trademark. Est. 1960-70s.– Courtesy Sharon Stark Sears family — Sears Roebuck own brand, Ace and Fairloom, est. 1930s-50s. Gudenbrod Bros. — large-size top and bottom labels. Est. 1950s.   Monarch [l] by Gudebrod Bros, top and bottom label. Est. 1950s-60s. Monarch [r] with the lion brand logo, both ends the same. Est 1950s-70s.– Courtesy Sharon Stark Gudebrod Bros. familiar shield, This Shield is Your Protection, top and bottom. Est. 1960s-70s. – Courtesy Sharon Stark Cutter Silk Mfg. Co. — topside; bottom reads Champion Silk, Gudenbrod Bros. successors. American Thread’s Aunt Lydia carpet and button thread neatly boxed. Note reference to the male egos — bachelors and fishermen. Est. late 1930s-40s or before 1953. Aunt Lydia is now owned by Coats & Clark. That company was formed by a merger of J&P Coats and Clark Thread in 1953. – Courtesy of Kimberly Wulfert Spun Dee, American Thread Co.’s polyester line, was dubbed the Anything Thread. End spools are wood; center, plastic with a narrower rim. Plastic cover with SD logo protects thread portion. See thread chart for sizes. Est….
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Those Wonderful Gizmos Which Hold Us Together

I steal the title from my uncle who watched my aunt fiddle and fuss for 15 minutes deciding whether to use button loops, snaps or hooks and eyes on her dress. In exasperation he finally exclaimed “Why do women need so d— many gizmos to hold them together!” To a five year old the sound of gizmo was a magical utterance, a password to anywhere the imagination would go or want to be. It has been my favorite catch-all word ever since. So where and when did all those gizmos originate? Snaps, hooks and eyes, zippers, straight pins, safety pins, utility pins, fancy pins and, of course, needles which are essential for fastening the fasteners — they were around when we were born, commonplace like white bread and vanilla ice cream. We don’t give much thought to the fact that at one time they didn’t exist so hoorays must be given to the genial gents and ladies of perception who invented some very important and essential items which certainly give new meaning to closure. You won’t learn a lot of history here; the facts are skimpy. This is merely an attempt to arouse your curiosity to do some deep fact hunting…and then share your knowledge with us. An assortment of sewing supplies dating between early 1900s-1930s. Crocheted covers like pink one shown here were stuffed with powder puffs to use as pincushions and popular in the 1920s-30s. Cushion contiains a 1940s toilet pin and 1/2″ brass safety pin cWWI. Blue wool felt girl when opened up reveals cloth needleholder. Art noveau steel measuring gauge, celluloid point turner/ruler and gold-plated stork embroidery scissors are turn of the century. The Gizmos Needles In warm climates a lightly woven covering sufficed for cave dwellers. But those who lived in colder regions needed some form of sewing to make their coverings protective. First came thorns and bone awls to hold clothes together. Once holes were placed in these devices, twisted yarn could be held, thus making a needle. These were probably the earliest of primitive fasteners. Early stone age people were found to be intrepid weavers and with the development of the needle, clothes decoration became another practiced skill. By 3000 BC Sumerians used pierced fish spines to receive thread. Bone awl       – Textiles, 1926 As with any developing technology, needles were made of various improved substances with English steel proving to be superior. But even those early needles were prone to breaking, bending and rusting. Brass tin plated became the popular choice…
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Up Close and Personal with Vintage Aprons

A Nostalgic Journey With Fabric Friends By Carolyn Ellertson This month – Guest columnist and long-time apron collector Carolyn Ellertson shares her memories, love and collection of aprons spanning four decades. What weighs almost nothing; comes in every conceivable size, shape and color; is easily recognized all over the world, and sends waves of nostalgia over those it comes in contact with? The answer to that question is a no-brainer for apron lovers. They may differ in their reason for loving them, but the result is the same – they are eagerly snatching them up anyhow and anywhere they can find them, and they guard what they have like junkyard dogs, particularly if they came by them through family. As shown in this 1932 store circular, aprons were a necessary fashion statement. It is not unusual to hear people say they have a love affair with aprons. I can attest to that. Why else would I have kept buying them for 40 years, only to admire them, store them in a box,and keep looking for more? Like scrooge counting his money, I go through the box(es) from time to time (usually at moving time or when rearranging storage), admiring each one, analyzing the fabric, checking out the clever and creative ways women put them together, and reflecting on the times each seems to represent. Those times are times I love to remember, even though I know there’s no bringing them back. That’s what history is all about. Preserve what you can, when you can. I guess I am trying to do a small part of preserving history in one of the few ways I am able – one apron at a time. I grew up in the country, where everyone wore aprons, especially the two generations before me – my mother and grandmother. So did my friends’ mothers and grandmothers. It was simply part of the culture. Aprons bring back memories of Christmas parties or potlucks at the Community Hall, net stockings filled with candy and an orange in the toe, fabulous food served by apron-swaddled women, happy to show off their cooking skills and exchange gossip, and hungry family and friends dying to dig in. They remind me of my mother canning anything she could get her hands on over a hot stove in a kitchen that was probably 120 degrees without air conditioning or even a fan. They remind me of taking a salt shaker to Grandma Dell’s garden so I could eat vine-ripened tomatoes almost…
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A Few Of My Favorite Things!

I don’t know about any of you, but I’m a gadget girl. I like toys, better known in the sewing industry as tools of the trade. And there are a few I just can’t live without. I thought I would share some of them with you. A tool or piece of equipment I can’t live without at this stage of the game is definitely my coffee maker. I’m not kidding! But seriously, one of my all time favorite tools is an 18″ long 2″ wide clear plastic quilter’s ruler with the red lines. I don’t know why I like the red lines better than the blue lined ones but I have gone through about 6 of them in the last ten years. Alaska weather is kind of hard on plastic and they don’t last long if you whip them around like a sword. Don’t laugh I have nieces‘, this kind of stuff happens, ya know. Another of my best tools is my spiked tracing wheel. The good kind that are hard to get a hold of. I found mine on eBay. A good piece of advice with this tool, don’t drop it on your bare foot. It really hurts. Oh yeah, lots of pencils and stick pens, but you probably knew that. Everyone has their favorite way of marking things but I tend to prefer a permanent marker. It’s a little crude but I can see the lines on the muslin front or back whether it bleeds through or not. So when I am working on a piece I tend to do the first draft markings with a black sharpie and the next with a different color, I just love that sharpies come in different colors now. Speaking of marking tools, when it comes time to mark on your final fabrics for fitting adjustments I have found a couple of things that work wonderfully without leaving permanent lines. The water soluble marker is fabulous. I usually use a Q-tip dipped in water to erase my lines or marks and have to reapply this technique a number of times should I mark too heavily. But eventually it comes out completely and with dry cleaning there isn’t any permanent water damage to silks and the like. For marking on dark fabrics, a notions supplier turned me onto what’s called a Chubby crayon. It is the fattest wax/chalk marking crayon I have ever used. However it is easily sharpened into a point with a nail file and comes completely off the…
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Making Tie’s From Silk

Dear Andy, I am trying to find someone to make men’s ties from my silk fabric. Normally the fabric is about 38″ X 45″. I would need labels sew on and put in plastic sleeves. I have a place in CA but their turn around time is 2 months. I also do Batik yardage for ties and am looking for some masculine Chops Sic .to stamp with. I have some nice floral ones that I would like to trade for something more masculine. I have been using a nice leaf pattern , bicycle gears and transmission gears. Jennifer Miller gave me your name and would appreciate any information that you could share with me. Danny: to find a good sewing contractor, visit www.seams.org. As far as trading fabrics or finding some that you need, register here at Fabrics.Net. Good Luck, Andy